The sprawling Quai Branly Museum in Paris is stuffed with treasure，including magnificent statues from present-day Benin and delicate paintings that once decorated church walls in Ethiopia. But a long-awaited report coming out could have a dramatic impact on what visitors see there, with repercussions for other international museums.
The academics, Bénédicte Savoy of France and Felwine Sarr of Senegal, recommend that objects that were removed and sent to mainland France without the consent of their countries of origin be permanently returned — if the country of origin asks for them. This restitution should be part of a collaborative process of information gathering, research, scientific exchange and training in the next five years, they say. They have recommended changing French law to allow the restitution of cultural works to Africa.
② restitution [ˌrestɪˈtju:ʃn] n. 归还原主; 恢复原状; （尤指用钱）赔偿; 补偿
例句：The offender made proper restitution to the victim's kindred. 违法者对受害人亲属给予了适当的补偿。
Mr. Macron first raised the issue in November 2017, when he stood before hundreds of students at a university in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, and made a bold promise that had them clapping and cheering. “I cannot accept that a large part of the cultural heritage of several African countries should be in France,” he said. “Africa’s heritage must be showcased in Paris, but also in Dakar, in Lagos, in Cotonou. This will be one of my priorities. Starting today, and in the next five years, I want to see the conditions put in place so as to allow for the temporary or definitive restitution of African cultural heritage to Africa.”
The report could have far-reaching consequences for the international museum world. It says that 90 to 95 percent of Africa’s cultural heritage is held outside Africa by major museums. France alone has at least 90,000 objects from sub-Saharan Africa in its national collections, of which 70,000 are inside the Quai Branly Museum. The rest are elsewhere in Paris, in port cities like Cherbourg and Le Havre, and in large centers like Lyon and Grenoble.
British troops destroyed much of the beautiful city of Benin in 1897, burning the royal palace to the ground and looting 4,000 works of art, including elegant brassheads and intricate plaques depicting war exploits, known as the Benin bronzes.
例句：Copper and zinc are fused to make brass. 铜与锌熔合后形成黄铜。
The systematic looting of African art took different forms: the researchers found that as well as being the spoils of war, theft and pillage, many of the works had been “bought” for fractions of their real value.
例句：There were no signs of violence or pillage. 没有暴力或劫掠的迹象。
⑤ fraction /'frækʃ(ə)n/n. 分数；小部分；稍微
例句：Their economy is still a fraction of ours. 他们的经济仍然是我们的一部分。
“Today it feels as if we’re just a step away from recovering our history and being finally able to share it on the continent,” said Marie-Cécile Zinsou, the daughter of Benin’s former prime minister and the president of the Zinsou Art Foundation in Cotonou.
The question is how far Mr. Macron will go in implementing the recommendations of a nonbinding report, albeit one he ordered himself. Earlier this year, he tore up a set of proposals he commissioned on improving economic conditions in suburban areas. While Mr. Macron has a comfortable majority in the French Parliament, he has an approval rating of 25 percent and faces a nationwide strike against a planned gasoline tax increase.
Black history museums and historic sites are flourishing across the South, riding a wave of interest in African-American history that has made a stunning success of the two-year-old National Museum of African American History and Culture in the nation’s capital.
And in Charleston, South Carolina, construction is set to begin next year on a projected $75 million black history museum that will stand on the former site of Gadsden’s Wharf, the disembarkation point for more than 100,000 Africans brought to America and sold into slavery.
例句：Please fill in this disembarkation card. 请你填写这张入境卡。
At a time when attendance at some large museums is flagging — 12 of the 20 biggest U.S. museums saw flat or lower attendance in 2017 compared with 2016 — the swirl of activity involving black history stands out.
According to Brian Carter, president of the Association of African American Museums, based in Washington, D.C. “The country is changing. It’s looking at itself in different ways than it has historically,” Carter said. “Museums help people make meaning of their own experiences.”
总部设在华盛顿特区的非裔美国人博物馆协会主席 Brian Carter说，“美国正在发生变化。 它以与历史上不同的方式看待自己，“Carter说， “博物馆帮助人们了解自己的经历。”
be stuffed with 充满；被塞满
例句：Cabbage rolls can also be stuffed with cheeses, and they are classically served in a sauce. 喜欢奶酪的食客会在洋白菜卷中塞满了奶酪，别有风味。
例句：Those flying to the US carrying mooncakes stuffed with yolk or meat are likely to be fined up to $250-1000. 此外，美国还规定，携含有蛋黄和肉类的月饼赴美可能会遭到250-1000美元的处罚。
burn sth to the ground 全部焚毁；夷为平地
例句：They want to burn Kyoto to the ground and oust the Emperor to Edo! 他们要烧掉京都然后帮将军篡位!
例句：Ford vowed that he would sooner burn hisfactory to the ground than build a single vehicle for war purposes. 福特郑重声明他宁可把自己的工厂付之一炬，也不愿意生产一辆用于战争的车辆。