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课本单元讲解(含课文音频):选修七Unit1 Living well

高中英语  · 公众号  · 英语  · 2020-02-11 17:00


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Unit1 Living well
常考单词、高频短语和写作句式

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.ambition  n.雄心;野心
ambitious  adj. 有雄心的;有野心的

His only fault is that he lacks ambition.
他唯一的不足是志向短小。

2.beneficial  adj. 有益的;受益的
benefit  vt. 有益于 vi.受益;得到好处  n.好处;益处

Your medicine has benefited me much.
你的药对我大有益处。

[快速闪记]
benefit from 从……中受益
be of benefit to 对……有益(=be beneficial to)
for the benefit of 为……(的利益)

3.clumsy  adj. 笨拙的

4.adapt  vt.&vi. ①(使)适应②改编;改写

I suggested he should adapt himself to his new conditions.
我认为他应该使自己适应新的情况。

[快速闪记]
(1)adapt(oneself) to(doing) sth (使某人)适应(做)某事
adapt...from... 根据……改编……
be adapted for 为……而改编
(2)adaptation n.[C] & [U] 适应;改编;改写本;改编的作品

5.absence  n.①[C] & [U]缺席;不在②[U]缺乏

A stranger brought you this letter during your absence.
你不在时,一个陌生人给你捎来了这封信。

[快速闪记]
(1)absence of mind 心不在焉
in sb's absence 某人不在时
in the absence of sth 缺乏某物
(2)absent  adj. ①缺席的;不在的 ②缺乏的
be absent from 缺席……
absent-minded  adj. 心不在焉的

6.resign  vi. 辞职;放弃 vt. 辞去;放弃;把……交付(给)

All the employees resign because the employer is too unreasonable.
因为老板太不讲理,雇员全体辞职。
She resigned her baby to the care of her neighbour.
她把婴儿托付给邻居照管。
resign from a job 辞职

7.adequate  adj. ①足够的②恰当的;胜任的

[快速闪记]
be adequate for 足够……
be adequate to do...... 胜任做……;足以做……

8.access  n.①接近/进入的方法;到达/进入的权利②通道;入口

Only a few people have access to the full facts of the incident.
只有几个人可以知道事件的全部真相。

[快速闪记]
have/gain/get/obtain access to 可接近;可进入;可使用
accessible/ək'sesəbl/ adj. 容易取得的;容易接近的;容易受影响的
be accessible to 能接近……,可使用……

9.approval  n.[C] & [U]赞成;同意;批准

Do the plans meet with your approval?
这些计划你赞成吗?

[快速闪记]
(1)approve  vt. 赞成;同意
approve of sb's doing sth 同意某人做某事
(2)without approval 未经许可
give one's approval to 同意;批准

10.profit  n.[C] & [U]利润;收益;利益;益处 vt.&vi.有益(于);有利(于)

A company whose profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad.
一家在国内市场利润下降的公司可能会去国外谋求机会。
It will profit us nothing to do that.
做那事对我们没有任何好处。

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.in other words 换句话说

[快速闪记]
have a word with sb 与某人谈话
keep/break one's word 遵守诺言/食言;失信
beyond words 无法用语言表达

2.cut out 切下,裁剪

[快速闪记]
cut across 抄近路
cut away 切,剪,去掉
cut down 减少,砍倒
cut in 插嘴,插队
cut off 切断,阻碍
cut up 切碎,使悲痛,使伤心

3.out of breath 上气不接下气

Reaching the top of the tower,he was out of breath.
到了塔顶他就上气不接下气了。

catch/hold one's breath 屏息;憋住气
lose one's breath 喘不过气

4.all in all 总而言之
5.sit around 闲坐着
6.in many ways 在很多方面
7.as well as 也;和
8.make fun of 取笑
9.never mind 不必担心
10.meet with 遇到;经历;会晤

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Every time I returned after an absence,I felt stupid because I was behind the others.
每次请过假之后,我觉得自己笨,因为比别人落后了一些。

2.Sometimes,too,I was too weak to go to school so my education suffered.
有时,我的身体也很虚弱,以至于不能去上学,因此我的学习受到了影响。

3.Just accept them for who they are,and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do.
接受他们,给予他们鼓励,让他们能像你一样过得丰富多彩,充实美满。

同步常考知识点练习

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.__To_work__(work) out the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times.

2.There are still many problems __to__ be solved before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon.

3.Group activities will be organized after class __to_help__(help) children develop team spirit.

4.To return to the problem of water pollution , I'd like you to look at a study__conducted__(conduct) in Australia in 2012.

5.It was really annoying;I couldn't get access__to__the data bank you had recommended.

6.My grandfather often goes to the countryside, because he thinks a stay there will be __beneficial__(benefit) to his health.

7.Literal translation, __in__ other words, word­for­word translation is not encouraged.

8.—Is Bob still working in your school?

—I'm afraid not. He is said __to_have_resigned__ (resign) and to be teaching in a private school recently.

9.__Adapted__(adapt) from J.K. Rowling's book series of the same title, the Harry Potter movies are universally acknowledged as classics.

10.The U.S.declares it has the best medical technology in the world, but quite a lot of Americans have no access __to__ health care service.

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.__All_in_all__(总而言之),Zhang Haidi is a great writer of strong will, who encourages us to overcome all the difficulties we meet with.

2.Everyone hates __to_be_made_fun_of__(被取笑).

3.It was __not_until__(直到……才) he worked in a foreign company that he realized having a good command of English is beneficial __in_many_ways__(在很多方面).

4.She is a novelist __as_well_as__(又) a literary critic(评论家).

5.After running for an hour, Tom has difficulty in breathing.__In_other_words__(换句话说), he is out of breath.

6.On the contrary, she had learned to __adapt_to__ (适应) her disability and lived __as_rich_and_full_a_life_as_others_did__ (像其他人一样过着丰富多彩的生活).

7.英语和数学一样,都是很重要的学科。(as+adj.+a/an+as)

English is __as_important_a_subject__ as math.

8.老师不知道该为这乱七八糟的教室去责备谁。(wh­- to do)

The teacher didn't know __who_to_blame__ for the messy classroom.

9.每次我经过橱窗的时候,我都会停下来看看里面展览的漂亮鞋子。

__Every_time__ I pass by the window, I stop to take a glance at the fabulous shoes on display.

10.毫无疑问,我们社区已经采取了一系列措施来照顾残疾人士,比如,建了足够的轮椅通道。

There is no doubt __that__ our community has taken a series of measures to take care of __the_disabled__, __for_example__building adequate access for wheelchairs.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.It was his absent of mind during driving that resulted in the terrible accident.

__absent→absence__

2.From the flats we have an easy access to shops and schools.

__去掉an__

3.We offer our congratulation to you on your passing the College Entrance Examination.

__congratulation→congratulations__

4.Having settled in that remote area, the young man quickly adapted the weather.

__adapted后加to__

5.He has broken his words so many times that I cannot trust him any more.

__words→word__

6.Morris lay on the grass, stared at the sky for a long time.

__stared→staring__

Ⅳ. 语篇填空

My life is a lot easier at high school ①__because__ my fellow students have accepted me. The few who cannot see the real person inside my body do not make me ②__annoyed__ (annoy), and I just ignore them. All in all I have ③__a__ good life. I am happy to have found many things I can do, like writing and computer programming. My ambition is④__to_work__(work) for a firm that develops computer software when I grow up. Last year I ⑤__invented__ (invent) a computer football game and a big company has decided to buy it⑥__from__ me. I have a very busy life with no time to sit around ⑦__feeling__ (feel) sorry for myself. As well as going to the movies and football matches with my friends, I spend a lot of time with ⑧__my__ pets. I have two rabbits, a parrot, a tank full of fish and a tortoise. To look after my pets properly takes a lot of time but I find ⑨__it__ worthwhile. I also have to do a lot of work, especially⑩__if__ I have been away for a while.

Ⅴ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.左腿有点跛(lame)曾让汤姆很难过。

Being lame in the left leg ever__made_Tom_annoyed__.

2.让我们高兴的是,他现在已经适应了这种情况。

To our delight,he has__adapted_to__it.

3.在同伴的鼓舞和帮助下,他逐渐接近了体育运动。

With the encouragement and assistance of his companions,he gradually__gained_access_to__ sports.

4.尽管他的腿有些残疾,他和他的队友们却在上个月我们学校举行的运动会中获得冠军。

In spite of his__disabled__leg,he__as_well_as__his teammates won the championship in the sports meeting of our school last month.

组篇公式:句3改为过去分词短语作状语。

答案:
Being lame in the left leg ever made Tom annoyed,however,to our delight, he has adapted to it. Now encouraged and assisted by his companions,he gradually gained access to sports. In spite of his disabled leg,he as well as his teammates won the championship in the sports meeting of our school last month.

写在最后

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